Electric cars are slowly but surely taking over the roads as more and more carmakers choose to go green. A report from 2019 claims that worldwide sales of electric vehicles have reached 2.1 million in 2018. That’s 60% more than the year before. In 2020, EVs are more affordable, easier to drive, more powerful, and have a better range when compared to their predecessors. The impact of EV’s is undeniable, yet, when it comes to towing, they are still not inferior to their gasoline- and diesel-powered counterparts. Today we’re going to take a closer look at why electric cars aren’t yet ready to become the main towing force on the roads. Read along to find out what’s the main reason preventing electric vehicles from being better at towing heavy loads for long-distance.
The Limitations of Smaller Battery Packs and Less Energy Density
Even with all the breakthroughs in battery technology, EVs are still not quite there when it comes to long-distance hauling. Battery packs that are currently found in production EVs are not large nor powerful enough to compete with standard ICE towing powerhouses such as the newest Ford Expedition model, for example. The Expedition has a 9,300 Lbs towing capacity making it the highest towing capacity SUV on the market right now. In comparison, the Tesla Model 3 towing capacity is only 2,000 lbs. The X model from the same carmaker is the first EV with a significant rated towing capacity at 5,000 pounds. Still, that’s miles away from what standard SUVs can tow. While some might say that comparing an SUV with a mid-size sedan makes no sense, it’s the only comparison we have since we’re not quite sure yet how will the recently announced Cybertruck fare with its already proven ICE counterparts. While Tesla claims it will have a 7500 pounds towing capacity, we’ll need to see it in action to believe it.
What’s Holding EVs Back?
As we mentioned at the beginning of this article, batteries are bigger and better than they use to be. Not only is the X model from Tesla among the first electric vehicles with 5000 lb towing capacity, but it also boasts a 100-kWh battery pack that should allow you to drive 328 miles between charges. However, this only applies to daily driving scenarios where battery consumption is pretty predictable. Add additional weight to the equations, and you’ll limit the distance drastically. In layman terms, calculating distance involves taking the energy required to power the moving vehicle multiplied by the distance you’re traveling. Adding the additional weight of the car towing a trailer, and also factoring in the increased drag coefficient from the trailer, not to mention gravity, and suddenly you need a lot more energy to cover the same distance.
The bottom line is, EVs are capable of towing if the distance is not a factor. If you’re planning a long haul, you’re better off sticking to your standard towing truck like the F150 or an Expedition. However, judging by the pace EVs have evolved in the past, we are positive they will catch up soon and even take over the towing game. Battery capacity is destined to improve in the coming years while the size of battery packs is bound to go down. All in all, we’re in for an exciting future when it comes to electric vehicles.
Are you interested in learning more about the advances in EVs or towing in general? Hop on to our blog section and check out the latest posts. If you’re an owner of an EV, but you need something towed, make sure to check out our service page or contact us directly to inquire about rates from the best towing company phoenix .